Ambient Vibration Studies of Golden Gate Bridge
I. Suspended Structure
Ahmed M. Abdel-Ghaffar
Robert H. Scanlan
|Ausgabe:||Journal of Engineering Mechanics (ASCE)", April 1985, n. 4, v. 111|
Extensive experimental investigations were conducted on the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, California, to determine, using ambient vibration data, parameters of major interest in both wind and earthquake problems, such as effective damping, the three-dimensional mode shapes, and the associated frequencies of the bridge vibration. The paper deals with the tests that involved the simultaneous measurement of vertical, lateral, and longitudinal vibration of the suspended structure; a subsequent paper addresses the measurement of the tower vibration. Measurements were made at selected points on different cross sections of the stiffening structure: 12 were on the main span and 6 on the side span. Good modal identification was achieved by special deployment and orientation of the motion-sensing accelerometers and by summing and subtracting records to identify and enhance vertical, torsional, lateral, and longitudinal vibrational modes. In all, 91 modal frequencies and modal displacement shapes of the suspended span were recovered: 20 vertical, 18 torsional, 33 lateral, and 20 longitudinal, all in the frequency range 0.01.5 hz. These numbers include symmetric and antisymmetric modes of vibration. Finally, comparison with previously computed two- and three-dimensional mode shapes and frequencies shows good agreement with the experimental results, thus confirming both the accuracy of the experimental determination and the reliability of the methods of computation.